“HORIZONTL SINGLE AXIS SOLAR TRAKER USING ARDUINO UNO”

  • Satyam Namdeo, Ritik Rajak, Umesh Kumar, Yogesh Mishra, Prof. Manoj Tiwari

Abstract

This project discusses on the development of horizontal single axis solar tracker using Arduino UNO which is cheaper, less complex and can still achieved the required efficiency. For the development of horizontal single axis solar tracking system, five light dependent resistors (LDR) has been used for sunlight detection and to capture the maximum light intensity. A servo motor is used to rotate the solar panel to the maximum light source sensing by the light dependent resistor (LDR) in order to increase the efficiency of the solar panel and generate the maximum energy. The efficiency of the system has been tested and compared with the static solar panel on several time intervals. A small prototype of horizontal single axis solar tracking system will be constructed to implement the design methodology presented here. As a result of solar tracking system, solar panel will generate more power, voltage, current value and higher efficiency. Solar energy is rapidly gaining ground as an important mean of expanding renewable energy use. Solar tracking is employed in order to maximize collected solar radiation by a photovoltaic panel. In this paper we present a prototype for Automatic solar tracker that is designed using Arduino UNO with Wind sensor to Cease Wind effect on panels if wind speed exceeds certain threshold. The Proposed solar tracker tracks the location of the sun anywhere in any time by calculating the position of the sun. For producing the maximum amount of solar energy, a solar panel must always be perpendicular to the source of light. Because the sun motion plane varies daily and during the day it moves from east to west; one needs two axis tracking to follow the sun's position. Maximum possible power is collected when two axis tracking is done. However, two axis tracking is relatively costly and complex. A compromise between maximum power collection and system simplicity is obtained by single axis tracking where the plane (North south axis) is fixed while the east west motion is accomplished. This work deals with the design of both single and two axis tracking systems. Automatic trackers is also compared to Fixed one in terms of Energy generated, Efficiency, Cost and System reliability.
How to Cite
Satyam Namdeo, Ritik Rajak, Umesh Kumar, Yogesh Mishra, Prof. Manoj Tiwari. (1). “HORIZONTL SINGLE AXIS SOLAR TRAKER USING ARDUINO UNO”. ACCENT JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS ECOLOGY & ENGINEERING ISSN: 2456-1037 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IF:7.98, ELJIF: 6.194(10/2018), Peer Reviewed and Refereed Journal, UGC APPROVED NO. 48767, 7(4), 21-35. Retrieved from https://ajeee.co.in/index.php/ajeee/article/view/2739
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Articles