BIODEGRADATION OF LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE BY FUNGI

  • Dr. Ravindra Kumar Pandey

Abstract

Plastic is a recalcitrant polymer, once it enters into the environment it does not degrade easily. It accumulates into the environment. It takes about 1000 years to degrade completely. Accumulation of plastic waste in environment poses a serious problem and ecological threat. The environmental concern includes soil and water pollution. Some plastics such as Poly Vinyl chloride are carcinogenic. Furans and dioxins are gases that are produced on burning plastics. These gases are dangerous greenhouse gases and play an important role in ozone layer depletion. One way to meet the challenges of plastic pollution is to shifting the production from non-biodegradable plastics to biodegradable plastics which can easily be degraded in the environment. Another strategy to meet this challenge is to search for such microorganisms which have tools in the form of enzymes to degrade these polymers into monomers so that these monomers can be used as main energy source by these microorganisms. Fungi are the main decomposer in the environment. They produce diverse array of enzymes for degradation of different substrates in the environment. Many works have been done on fungi having capability to degrade the plastics. A brief review of different works has been done in this paper. Keywords: Recalcitrant, Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC), Biodegradable etc.
How to Cite
Dr. Ravindra Kumar Pandey. (1). BIODEGRADATION OF LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE BY FUNGI. ACCENT JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS ECOLOGY & ENGINEERING ISSN: 2456-1037 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL IF:7.98, ELJIF: 6.194(10/2018), Peer Reviewed and Refereed Journal, UGC APPROVED NO. 48767, 6(10), 01-07. Retrieved from https://ajeee.co.in/index.php/ajeee/article/view/2103
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Articles