Naseer Ahmad Bhat


Abstract:- Feminism means a social theory or political movement which argues that legal and social restriction on women must be removed in order to bring about equality of both sexes in all aspects of public and private life. Feminism in India is a set of movements aimed at defining, establishing and defending equal political, economic and social rights and equal opportunities for women in society. Feminism is to look towards women as human beings and to think about their problems, dreams and needs. Feminism is the belief that all people should be treated equally in legal economic and social areas – regardless of gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity and other similar pre-dominant identifying traits. Feminism is a socio-political movement which advocates involved active participation by women to demand for their rights. It is a movement which is fought against female oppression under patriarchy. The feminist ideologies also influenced the English literature in India. In present time Women writing is considered as a powerful medium of modernism and feminist statements. The majority of Indian literary works depict the psychological sufferings of frustrated housewives and oppressed lives of women of the lower classes. Feminism has been used by the women novelists. Their novels reflect that the present age women have realized that she is not helpless and is not dependent. They feel that woman is equal to man. Indian women writers explore the feminine subjectivity and apply the theme that range from childhood to woman hood. Through their works, they told what actually feminism is. These women writers told that feminism means putting an end to all the sufferings of women in silence.

Keywords:- Feminism, fiction, predomination, loneliness, sufferings, Aggression, patriarchy and disorder.

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www.indianetzone.com › Reference › Indian Literature › Indian Novels

Nahal Chaman, “Feminism in English Fiction Forms and Variants,’ in Feminism and Recent Fiction in English”, Ed, Sushila Singh, Prestige Books, New Delhi 1991

Eisentein,” Feminist Criticism and Social Change: Class and Race in Literature and Culture”, Cambridge University Press, London 1963



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